10 Best Things to Do in Bamberg, Germany

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Our 2-week Grand European Tour on Viking River Cruises included a day in Bamberg.

When our ship departed from Nuremberg, the Danube part of our journey was over. Overnight, our cruise ship, Bragi, had crossed the continental divide. That’s the invisible border in the mountains that separates where water goes: to either the Black Sea or the North Sea.

Today, we were sailing the Main waterway (that’s pronounced MINE, by the way).

Our morning balcony view heading toward Bamberg on our river cruise
Our morning balcony view heading toward Bamberg, Germany.

Bamberg river cruise options

We docked on time in Bamberg (9:00 am) and everyone quickly boarded the buses.

Three excursion options were available today:

  • Bamberg walking tour (the included tour), with free time to explore on your own
  • Extended walking tour plus brewery visit
  • Optional tour through the Franconian countryside, mostly on the bus plus a couple of short stops

We chose option #2 because we think that half of the fun of traveling is sampling local specialties. Bamberg is famous for a smoky-tasting beer called rauchbier. While we wouldn’t have any free time on this tour, we didn’t mind. We would have stopped at a tavern to sample their unique beer anyway. At least this way we’d have a guide and visit the best brewery in Bamberg!

Want to visit Bamberg on your own?

You can easily do a day trip to Bamberg from Nuremberg. The train ride takes about 40 minutes and trains depart / return hourly.

A Bamberg day trip from Munich is more difficult, as it’s about a 2-hour train ride each way. It’s best to take the fast train and book ahead, to ensure you have a seat. don’t lose time waiting for the next train to Bamberg with a seat.

Better yet, stay for a few days and enjoy the ambiance. There are enough things to do in Bamberg to keep yourself entertained.

ⓘ BUDGET TIP: The BambergCard is a 3-day discovery pass that includes a free tour of the town and admission to 9 museums. It also includes free use of the local buses and trains. Learn more here.

Things to see in Bamberg, Germany in one day

Our tour guide was an Adult Education student at the local university . With his perfect English and German accent, we never would have guessed he was actually Belarusian. He had been living in Bamberg for seven years and knew an awful lot about Bamberg’s history and architecture.

Bamberg tour guide showing us a map of the best things to see in Bamberg.

1. Bamberg Old Town

Bamberg has never had a railway lines or major industry, which turned out to be a blessing in the Second World War. Railways and industries are usually bombed during wartime in an effort to cut off the enemy’s supply chain. As Bamberg had nothing to offer the war effort, both sides left the city alone.

Thus, Bamberg still has an authentic medieval appearance, from its fountains to its skyline. This earned the old town UNESCO World Heritage status.

Small park in Bamberg
Medieval houses and rooftops of Bamberg Germany

2. Bamberg Cathedral

Bamberg Cathedral was begun in the early 11th century and completed in 1237. Inside is the ornate tomb of Emperor Henry II and his wife, Kunigunde. Carved from Franconian limestone, the tomb is a must-see. It took the Renaissance master Tilman Riemenschneider 14 years to create.

Perhaps more notably, Pope Clement II is also buried here, albeit in a far plainer sarcophagus. Reform-minded Clement is best known for enacting prohibitions against indulgences, in other words selling church offices and roles.

He died less than a year after taking office. Coincidence?

Bamberg Cathedral

3. Alte Hofhaltung

Located next to the Cathedral is the Old Imperial Court. Built in the 15th-century, Alte Hofhaltung once housed Bamberg’s Medieval episcopal court, and was the bishops’ residence during the 16th and 17th centuries.

The front is a neo-gothic stone facade, while the inside is a romantic half-timbered style courtyard that has been used as a movie site. It is also a favorite site for local festivals. 

Half-timbered front of Alte Hofhaltung, with flowerboxes along the balconies

4. Historisches Museum

These days, Alte Hofhaltung is also home to Bamberg’s Historical Museum. The museum began almost 200 years ago, when a vicar bequeathed his large art collection to the city.

The Gemäldegalerie (painting gallery) contains dozens of works by masters, including Brueghel, Lucas Cranach the Elder, and the 19th-century landscape artist Otto Modersohn.

There is also a large collection of 19th-century items—everything from musical instruments to clothing and furniture. That should give you a good insight into what it was like to live in Bamberg 200 years ago.

Most recently, the museum has added a permanent exhibition about Bamberg’s Jewish community.

Street in Bamberg, Alte Hofhaltung in the distance

5. Neue Residenz

The bishops finally tired of their medieval digs around 1600 and moved to a new, renaissance palace across the square. I wish we had been able to take a guided tour of the Neue Residenz (“new residence”) before we left Bamberg.

The tour takes you through over 40 rooms preserved from the 17th and 18th centuries. The bishops’ residence was massive, with ornate furniture and upholstery, frescoes, chandeliers, paintings and artwork.

Front of Neue Residenz with car park

6. Rosengarten

We did have the chance to see the rose garden in its inner courtyard, though. The bishops had the best of everything, that’s for sure. They even a fantastic view over the city of Bamberg, which you can see for yourself in our Bamberg photo gallery.

Rose garden at Neue Residenz

7. Altes Rathaus (Old Town Hall)

The fresco-covered Old Town Hall is probably the most-photographed building in Bamberg. It was built some time before 1387, and the Baroque addition that hangs over the water was built in the middle of the 18th century.

As the story goes, the citizens wanted to build a town hall, but the bishop of Bamberg refused to grant them any land for it. The resourceful townsfolk figured out that if they built the town hall on the river, they wouldn’t be disobeying the edict. They created an artificial island right between the episcopal and merchant sides of the river.

The most amusing part of the building is not the two competing architectural styles, it’s the 3D sculpted cherub’s leg that pokes out of the mural on an outside wall. If you have the time, the building contains a splendid collection of fine porcelain (the “Ludwig Collection) as well as a remarkable Rococo Hall.

Tourists in front of the Bamberg Altes Rathaus
3-D leg sticking out from the side of Bamberg Old Town Hall

8. Michaelsburg Abbey

Michaelsburg Abbey began as a Benedictine monastery just after 1000 AD. The complex includes a 12th-century church, newer abbey buildings dating from around 1700, and an old baroque terraced garden.

It’s a shame we weren’t able to visit St. Michael’s Church. I would have liked to see the paintings of medicinal herbs on the ceiling. It would have been interesting to see what was being used to treat people back then. I like to imagine that that terraced garden had a physic section dedicated to those herbs. I don’t know if it does, so if you visit, please let us know.

St Michael's Church on a hill in Bamberg Germany

9. Bamberg beer

While Bamberg is as known for its rauchbier (German smoked beer) as it is for being a UNESCO world heritage site. The famous beer gets its distinctive smoke flavor because they use malted barley that was roasted over a beechwood fire.

The final stop on our guided tour was to Schlenkerla, arguably the most famous of the seven breweries in Bamberg. It may be the oldest Bamberg brewery as well, because it was first mentioned in 1405.

Sign outside the brewery says Aecht Schlenkerla Rauchbier 1405. Jewish star on the end of the pole

Schlenkerla has been run by the same family for six generations. They still maintain the old tradition of tapping directly from the wooden barrel.

This made a perfect end to our tour, as much for the atmosphere as for the unique beer. We were happy to have reservations, because it is very busy in high season.

Interior of Schlenkerla brewery
Copper beer vats at Schlenkerla brewery

Our tasting included three beer varieties, and our waitress handed out pretzels and German mustard to help cleanse our palates between beers.

The first two, Urbock and Weizen, were made from the smoky barley. The final, Helles, is made from unsmoked barley but even so, it still had a smoky flavor due to it being brewed near the smoking operation. All three tasted like liquid smoke. Absolutely delicious.

Urbock beer

Glass of Schlenkerla urbock, a brown smoked beer

Weizen beer

Schlenkerla Weizen beer

Helles beer

Schlenkerla Helles beer

ⓘ TIP: If you’d like to try Bamberg smoked beer in the U.S., it is available at Whole Foods and Total Wine and More. Check Schlenkerla’s website for other locations.

10. Bamberg Christmas markets

Every December, the shops and streets in Bamberg Old Town come alive as they are illuminated and decorated for Christmastime magic.

Germany is known for its fantastic Christmas markets, and Bamberg has four of them. Each market is different, from the traditional at Maximiliansplatz, to the medieval at Geyerswörth Palace. There’s also an Advent Market in the Sand and an arts and crafts Christmas market on Jakobsplatz.

Tomorrow: Wurzburg and Rothenburg ob der Tauber

Plan your Bamberg visit

Here are some ideas to help you plan your own trip. If this article was useful, you can thank us by using these links to make your plans. Some of these companies will pay us a referral fee, at no extra cost to you.


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Note: As is common in the travel industry, Dan and Linda were provided with a complimentary cruise package for the purpose of review. While it has not influenced coverage, AWSI believes in full disclosure of all potential conflicts of interest. For more information, see the Disclosure page.

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Written by Linda

Linda is multilingual and has been to around 60 countries. Her insatiable love of travel, cuisine, and foreign languages inspired her to create As We Saw It with her husband Dan, a professional photographer. Her goal is to make travel easier for others and to offer a brief escape to another land.

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