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Why You Should Visit Panama for Carnival

If you’re mourning the end of the holidays, wishing for another excuse to celebrate, don’t despair! Carnival season is just around the corner.

Carnival float with overlay that says Carnival, sometimes spelled carnaval, a festive season that occurs during the few days preceding the Christian season of Lent.

Celebrated all over the Americas and in some countries in Europe, Carnival (or Carnaval, if you prefer) is probably the most widespread party in the world. No matter where you celebrate, it is four days of non-stop dancing, eating, drinking, and losing yourself in a whirlwind of chaos that will inevitably blur into a surreal, dreamlike memory.

Before you pack your bags and buy a ticket to Rio de Janeiro, though, turn your eyes up north and take a look at Panama. Though it's not as widely known, Panama’s Carnival is actually the second-largest in the entire world.

Considering the size of the country (3 million people), it is safe to say that this is quite an impressive feat. Add to that the obvious allure of cheaper prices and fewer tourists, and celebrating Carnival in Panama will sound as sweet as honey.

Many countries celebrate it, but none do Carnaval quite like the Panamanians. With explosively colorful costumes, beautiful scenery, friendly locals, delicious food, and unique traditions, this is definitely the party you don’t want to miss.

Tip: Although Panama City may seem the obvious choice, practically every town in Panama celebrates Carnival. Las Tablas, Penonome, and Los Santos are the most popular destinations for the holiday.

Crowds throng to Panama Carnival

History of Panama Carnival

Carnival first began during colonial times, when Panamanians dressed up as the King and Queen of Spain. As a way to both celebrate and mock the culture that had been created from Spanish conquest, many wore costumes of conquistadors, slaves, and natives.

During the celebration, the people would parade the Carnival King and Queen, simulate battles between groups, and dance to their hearts’ content.

It wasn’t until 1910 that the Carnival became an official holiday in Panama. By then, some things had changed: The King disappeared – no one knows where to – and the Queen was left to reign over party enthusiasts.

New characters like demons, bulls, and feathered beauties rose up to replace the colonial characters of the past. Carnival, like the country, had moved forward.

The devil in Panama Carnival

Whether you spell it Carnaval or Carnival, the fiesta begins the week before Lent begins and culminates the day before Ash Wednesday. Lent is the 40 day period of abstinence that lead up to Easter in the Catholic faith.

In Panama, it’s traditional that “devils” will be a big part of the festival, whether in Panama City, Bocas del Toro, or anywhere in between. These costumed creatures are symbolically meant to scare evil spirits away with their antics.

The larger the devil the more frightening and effective it is supposed to be, and those who wear the costumes covet the most impressive ones. It has become quite the competition. If you can overtake one as a regular person, then the next year you’ll be able to wear that devil costume. If you’re already costumed and succeed, the loser’s costume will be yours next year.

The devils are also known for doing mischievous things, like smacking people with a whip if they are challenged, so be careful!

One of the diablos poses for a photo during Panama Carnival.

Panama Carnival today

Today, two of the most popular traditions are the feud and the mojaderas.

The feud is a remnant from colonial days. It has morphed into a battle of opulence and extravagance between two historically rivaling neighborhoods: Calle Arriba and Calle Abajo in the tiny town of Las Tablas.

This feud may very well be the biggest draw in all of Panama's Carnival celebrations: People from all over the world visit Las Tablas to watch the neighborhoods vie for the prize of having the most beautiful queen and the most creative parade float.

One of the floats seen during Panama Carnival.

The mojaderas are just as enjoyable, but more based on need than history. Throughout the event, giant water trucks (culecos) come around and spray people with their large hoses. Wherever the culecos can’t fit, you’ll find people spraying each other with water guns and dumping buckets of water on passersby.

It might sound annoying and seem thoughtless, but when you’re in a hot tropical climate and surrounded by thousands of people in tight spaces, you’ll be very glad those mojaderas exist.

Mojaderas douse a crowd of Carnival revelers in Bocas del Toro, Panama
Mojaderas douse a crowd of Carnival revelers in Bocas del Toro
Woman sells hamburgers and other snacks during Panama carnival.
Food and drinks are readily available everywhere

Panama Carnival schedule

Carnival is celebrated on the four days before Lent, worldwide (find the dates here). Though there are some variations in the celebrations around Panama, this is the general schedule followed during these four days of partying:

Friday: On the first night of Carnival the Queen is selected among aspiring candidates. The party’s sovereign then parades around, celebrated by her people. Music plays non-stop and people dance in the streets, surrendering to the contagious atmosphere of joy.

Saturday: The coronation ceremony takes place amid more music and dancing. Parades take over the streets and people enjoy the refreshing mojaditas. At night, high-end clubs, bars, and pretty much any place with a dancing space hosts an indoor Carnival party.

Sunday: Besides the continuous parades and parties, the special event of the day is the pollera parade. Polleras are the national costume, and hundreds of women and girls take to the streets to celebrate their history in their gorgeous and colorful dresses.

Monday: More parades and parties are held. Usually this is the most laid back day of Carnival, since people rest a bit in preparation for tomorrow, the culmination of the entire party.

Tuesday: As it is the last day of Carnival, it is the biggest and most important. Some of the most extravagant floats and costumed brigades parade down the streets, surrounded by an air of exquisite chaos and festivity. Finally, party-goers will gather to watch the fireworks display, which will signify the end of the festivity and the beginning of Lent.

Golden figures grace a float at Panama Carnival

Tips for newbies

  • Bring clothes you don’t care about. No matter what you do, you will get wet and dirty, and your clothes will be stained and ruined. Don’t wear that favorite shirt, pack comfortable clothes that you can throw away at the end of your trip.
  • Wear good shoes. You will be standing, walking, and dancing for the majority of four days, so be kind to your feet. You will need comfortable shoes.
  • Make reservations months in advance! Remember, this is the second-largest Carnival celebration in the entire world. Accommodation is basically impossible to find at the last minute, so plan ahead.
  • Bring a positive attitude. Carnival is about celebrating and enjoying life, so leave your worries behind, enjoy the country, and immerse yourself in the revelry.

Inspired?

Read our related article: Tips on Celebrating Carnaval in Panama

Plan your trip: 

  • Dates – If you want to celebrate Carnival in Panama, this website lists the upcoming dates.
  • Activities – Want to see and do more while you're in Panama (like the canal)? Find more fun ideas here.
  • Where to stay – We recommend staying near Avenida Balboa, the road that runs along Panama's waterfront. They will be within easy walking distance of all the action. The fiesta is on Cinta Costera, between Mercado de Mariscos and Multicentro mall. (Bear in mind that the closer your hotel is to the activity, the more noise you will hear.)


Written by Linda

Linda is multilingual and has been to over 50 countries. Her insatiable love of travel, cuisine, and foreign languages has inspired her to create As We Saw It with her husband Dan, a professional photographer. Her goal is to make travel easier for others and to offer a brief escape to another land.

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6 thoughts on “Why You Should Visit Panama for Carnival

  1. I had no idea Panama had Carnival and it was the 2nd biggest celebration after Brazil’s Linda. Way cool. I’d visit in a heart beat. We were set to visit Panama a few years back but needed to visit the States for family stuff. When we visit I’ll keep this period of time in mind. Seems like a fun, enjoyable and maybe slightly reserved version compared to Brazil which works for me. Love those devil masks.

    Ryan

    1. Yeah, Ryan, Panama’s Carnival is heaven if you like street parties. With you on the comparison to Rio – we imagine it’s pretty intense, and generally prefer something a little more sedate. Too much sensory input at one time is overwhelming.
      Linda

  2. We’ve just been to the Carnaval in Panama City, I don’t know how it is in Las Tablas (the most famous one) but I will skip the capital it is not what I understand of a canaval

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