Sedlec Ossuary: Macabre Bone Church of Kutna Hora

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While it may appear to be a rather unassuming town, Kutná Hora is a popular tourist destination, and its most sensational attraction is Sedlec Ossuary, the famous “bone church.”

To be honest, we’re not fans of the ghoulish or macabre and we usually avoid sensational spooky stuff. This, however, was different. It would have been hard to say we’d seen Kutna Hora without visiting the famous ossuary, which is part of the official Kutna Hora UNESCO site. So we made an exception: We really had to see this place.

Tip: The easiest way to see Kutna Hora and Sedlec is by taking an organized day trip from Prague. You might like this one.

The origin of Sedlec Ossuary

The story of Sedlec Ossuary in the 13th century, when the abbot of Sedlec monastery, returned from a diplomatic mission to the Holy Land. He brought back a handful of earth from Golgotha, the site of Jesus' crucifixion. Thinking to bless the church, he sprinkled it on the consecrated ground surrounding the Chapel of All Saints.

Sedlec cemetery

This simple act elevated the churchyard’s appeal so much that – pardon the pun – people were dying to get in. Suddenly this cemetery became a coveted burial place for wealthy and poor people throughout Central Europe.

This worked well until the black plague of 1318, when 30,000 people needed burial there. The ensuing Hussite wars contributed even more, and eventually burial space became hard to find.

Gravestones next to Sedlec Ossuary

The clever abbot decided to make way for newcomers by exhuming the bones of the cemetery’s 40,000 current inhabitants. He took advantage of a basement chapel that had been built on site and the bones ended up there in a big heap until they could figure out what to do with them.

A century later, a half-blind monk was given the task to organize the overcrowded area’s 40,000 remains. With such a daunting task ahead of him, he efficiently piled the various bones atop one another along the edges and corners of the crypt and left room in the middle for the faithful to worship. Those gigantic piles of skulls and bones tower higher than a man can reach.

Tip: Those with mobility difficulties should be aware that the chapel is accessed by about 25 rather steep steps. However, a wheelchair lift is available. Once in the ossuary the area is clear and the floor is smooth.

Sedlec Ossuary stairs

Why Sedlec Ossuary is unique

Anyone who thinks, “Okay, but piles of bones can be seen in ossuaries worldwide,” is not far wrong. That is what “ossuary” means, after all.

What makes the one at Sedlec special can be credited to a local woodcarver named František Rint. In 1870 the House of Schwarzenberg, which owned much of the surrounding land, hired him to better organize the bones. Rather than just create more piles, the visionary artist used the various shapes of skeleton bits to create elaborate designs and sculptures in the chapel, as well as assorted garlands of bones and skulls overhead.

towers of skulls and bone garlands

The ossuary is still a bona fide chapel. Regular worship services were held there regularly until recently, when the number of curiosity-seekers became too disruptive.

human bone art at Sedlec Ossuary

Highlights of Sedlec Ossuary

Some of Master Rint’s most interesting creations are:

  • the chandelier in the center of the nave, which was made using all the bones of the human body,
  • two monstrances beside the main altar,
  • the coat-of arms of the Schwarzenberg noble family on the left-hand side of the chapel and
  • Master Rint’s signature, put together from bones, on the chapel’s right-hand wall.

Sedlec Ossuary altar

Schwarzenberg coat of arms at Sedlec Ossuary

We were disappointed to find the ossuary’s centerpiece chandelier missing when we were there. A sign said it had been removed for cleaning. I guess it must get really dusty down there.

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You can see more shots of both Kutna Hora and the bone art at Sedlec Ossuary in our Kutna Hora photo gallery.

How to get to Sedlec Ossuary from Prague

There are direct trains to Kutna Hora from Prague. You can also take a bus. Details here.

Most people combine the bone church with a visit to Kutna Hora. Sedlec is a nearby suburb of Kutna Hora, and the distance between the two is only 2.5 km (about 1.5 miles). It's a 10-minute walk, which is doable.

But a tourist bus is also available. It connects Sedlec with the center of Kutná Hora and the church of St. Barbara. More information about the service is available at the St. Barbara Visitors’ Center and at the Ossuary ticket desk. A ride costs 35 CZK.

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Sedlec Ossuary, the famous bone church of Kutna Hora, is an easy day trip from Prague.

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Written by Linda

Linda is multilingual and has been to over 50 countries. Her insatiable love of travel, cuisine, and foreign languages has inspired her to create As We Saw It with her husband Dan, a professional photographer. Her goal is to make travel easier for others and to offer a brief escape to another land.

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3 thoughts on “Sedlec Ossuary: Macabre Bone Church of Kutna Hora”

  1. This is such a unique place! I’ve seen ossuaries before, but they are generally just a stack of bones and skulls on top of each other.
    At Sedlec Ossuary they seem to have turned the bones into real works of art. I wonder if there is any other church in the world like the Bone Church of Kutna Hora. You made me want to go visit this church, Linda.

    • I think there is a similar crypt at a Capuchin monastery in Italy, Anda, but I can’t seem to recall how involved its decorations are. I think that Rint must have been a creative genius.

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